By Marli Naidoo
Between 1945 and 1975, with the addition of antibiotics to medicine in the fight against communicable diseases, mankind’s average life expectancy increased by eight years. Before the invention of antibiotics bacterial infections easily killed people.
Antibiotics are also known as antibacterial medicine, which describes the function well. It is used to treat illnesses by destroying bacteria or inhibit their growth. Before bacteria can multiply and cause symptoms, the body’s immune system itself will usually kill the bacteria. White blood cells attack them and even when there are already symptoms the immune system can still win the fight against infection. However, if there are too many bacteria and the body cannot win the fight by itself, antibiotics must be brought in. Sometimes we cannot get to the doctor fast enough when we are sick so that he can prescribe antibiotics and we can feel better quickly. However, what happens regularly is that the doctor with his knowledge and wisdom prescribes medicine that treats the symptoms only instead of prescribing antibiotics. In such a case he has probably diagnosed you with a virus infection. This type of infection cannot be treated with antibiotics and will clear with enough rest. This includes colds, flu, and most coughs, all of which are upper respiratory tract infections.
Some medical personnel are worried that people abuse antibiotics. They believe that overuse contributes to the increasing number of bacterial infections that are becoming resistant to antibacterial medication. It is important to use antibiotics only when it is essential.It is also important always to complete the course even though you may feel recovered.Sometimes the following side-effects may accompany the use of antibiotics: diarrhoea, nausea, vomiting, rash, upset stomach, and fungus infections.
Medical News Today: https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/10278.php
Microbiology Society: https://microbiologysociety.org/education-outreach/antibiotics-unearthed/antibiotics-and-antibiotic-resistance/what-are-antibiotics-and-how-do-they-work.html
E medicine health: https://www.emedicinehealth.com/antibiotics/article_em.htm